A Horse with a Hoof Crack and the Correct Method of Repair
There are many ways to treat hoof cracks that work, and many ways that DO NOT !! In this article we will discuss only two. Why only two? Because they are the two most common. One way works and the other DOES NOT !!
THIS METHOD DOES NOT WORK !!
As shown in photo 1, this hoof has a toe crack. Upon arrival, someone had previously attempted to stop the crack by cutting grooves in the hoof with a rasp. This method does not work. Originally this crack was only as tall as where grooves where cut. As you can see, the crack has split higher towards the hairline. Hints, this METHOD DOES NOT WORK !! The idea of cutting the X groove comes from trying to stop a crack in a windshield of a vehicle. In turn, the pressure from the crack has an area to disperse.
Why this method doesn’t work. What makes a toe crack split is due to the debris that packs into the crack, much like driving a wedge into a log. The farther the wedge is driven, the more the log splits. When a hoof crack fills with debris, dirt, manure, etc., it packs tighter and tighter with every step the horse takes. Therefore, splitting the crack even worse.
THIS METHOD WORKS !!
One proper method of treating a hoof crack is to REMOVE THE AFFECTED HOOF WALL to thoroughly clean and then fill the area. By opening the crack as in this photo, the farrier is able to remove any dirt and bacteria from the crack. Then the crack is filled with a special epoxy to replace the affected wall. By doing this, no more debris will pack into the crack. The epoxy has become part of the hoof at this time and will grow out with the hoof with proper maintenance.
The Finished results of repairing this hoof crack is a much cleaner and healthier horses’ hoof.
It is very important to treat hoof cracks promptly and correctly to ensure a healthy sound horse.
Provided by Link Casey, Owner, Instructor, Casey & Son Horseshoeing School in Georgia.
Master Farrier, Master Educator, member of Farriers’ National Research Center, BWFA
Check out our Hoof Care Articles and YouTube videos – designed for the horse owner to learn more about the importance of hoof care and regular maintenance by professional farriers.